3 Types of Motor Starters and How They Work

By
Muhammad Jafar Shiddiq

Sunday, August 18, 2019

3 Types of Motor Starters and How It Works – To start a vehicle engine certainly requires a system that
serve as a trigger for combustion of the engine so that the engine can live. The system
called the starting system. "What
just the types of starter motors? Listen
the following article:

Function of a Motor Starter

The starter system functions to turn the crankshaft on the engine so that combustion occurs
first time when the engine is turned on. Starter motor
will rotate the crankshaft through a pinion gear that is connected to the fly gear
wheel. This system works like an electric motor in general, where the force
electromagnetic generated is the working principle.

How it works
quite simple, when
ignition start position then the motor starter will spin to rotate the fly
wheel along with the crankshaft. So that the engine's work cycle occurs. At the time of the engine
has turned on completely, the starter motor will stop spinning.

Types of motor starters

Judging from the type, the starter motor system has several types. Every
these types have their own characteristics and ways of working. Various motor systems
starter based on how it works namely:

1. Conventional Types

The first type of motor starter is a conventional starter system.
This type works conventionally without gear reduction. The result,
the moment of rotation is also produced
less big compared to other types of starters. But still, a conventional starter motor
has a solenoid component that functions as a magnetic switch. The advantage of this type of starter is that it has a simpler construction.

Conventional starters have direct armature shaft construction
connected with pinion teeth. This gear can move forward and backward so
can be detached and linked by the fly wheel.

2. Types of Reduction

The second type of motor starter is an innovation that aims to
improvements in terms of space and performance from the previous type. The reduction system has a smaller form with
the resulting torque is quite large. As the name implies, the motorbike
Reduction starter will reduce the rotation generated by the armature coil
through reverse gear. So that the RPM generated in the pinion teeth becomes
slower however
have a moment
quite strong style. This type
widely used in diesel engine starter systems.

Although it has more volume of space
small, the components in this system are quite complex. Armature shaft not
directly linked to the pinion gear, but will pass through the starter clutch and reverse gear. This clutch will secure
the armature shaft so it doesn't spin excessively. While for the way
the workings of this system are generally the same as conventional starter motors.

3. Planetary Types

For jensi the third starter motor
almost the same as the type of reduction, where there is a reduction in rotation
armature to produce a greater moment. But, this system has
varying reduction rates, because
don't use reverse gear anymore. But rather using
planetary gear.

A planetary gear is a series of gears consisting of sun gear,
and three planetary gears, each of which surrounds the main shaft. Planetary function
gear to produce a large moment at the beginning of the rotation, and the speed of rotation will be
increase when the fly wheel starts spinning.

The planetary gear construction is located between the pinion gear shaft and the armature shaft. So round
armature is not the same as pinion gear rotation. This type of motor starter is many
used on modern cars that have a fairly high level of compression.

***